IEB Traditional Ecological Knowledge Research Group

Leader of the research group: 
Profile of the group: 

The main goal of our research group is to conduct and facilitate research on traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) among Hungarians living in the Carpathian basin and in Serbia, Mongolia, and Iran. The main focus of the group is landscape ethnoecology, local landscape perception, and TEK related to habitats, vegetation and traditional land use. Researchers of the group use both botanical and ecological anthropological research methods. Besides scientific publications, we also emphasize the value of TEK in nature conservation management and motivate the use of multiple evidences in nature conservation. We are active members of the IPBES and CBD.

Films and media by the TEK working group
What does an ecosystem engineer do? ( Erika Juhász; NatGEO.hu)

Beavers and locals – local perception of beaver's impact on ecosystem services (Viktor Ulicsni, Erika Juhász; Mammalogy.hu)

Research on Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) in Hungary (Erika Juhász & Dávid Czabán; Mammalogy.hu)

Local and traditional knowledge about the practice of forest grazing (Varga Anna; Fatáj)

Effects of grazing in wetlands and forests (Kinga Öllerer & Marianna Biró; Varázslatos Magyarország)

Spectacular beaver videos from the Tápió region (Report with Erika Juhász; NatGEO.hu)

Short documentary about the Traditional Ecological Knowledge (IKL) of Hungarian Herders (documentary; Dávid Pelé Sütő)

Traditional cattle herding, an afternoon on the pasture with János Mátécattle herder (documentary; Dávid Pelé Sütő)

"A lifetime is not enough to learn it" - How herders learn their herding skills and knowledge (documentary; Anna Varga)

Grazing in wetlands and forests (Report with Kinga Öllerer; OzoneTV)

Books written or edited by the TEK working group

Bölöni János, Molnár Zsolt, Kun András (szerk.) (2011): Habitats of Hungary. Magyarország élőhelyei. MTA ÖBKI, pp. 441. ISBN 978-963-8391-51

Molnár Zsolt (2012): Traditional ecological knowledge of herders on the flora and vegetation of the Hortobágy. Hortobágy Természetvédelmi Közalapítvány, Debrecen. pp. 160. ISBN 978-963-08-3301-1

Babai Dániel, Molnár Ábel, Molnár Zsolt (2014) : Traditional ecological knowledge and land use in Gyimes (Eastern Carpathians) MTA BKNI és MTA ÖK ÖBI. Budapest - Vácrátót. pp. 173. ISBN 978-963-9627-75-8

Molnár Zs, Csízi I (2015): Természetkímélő gazdálkodás szikeseken. Magyarországi Természetvédelmi Közalapítvány Hálózat, Csákvár - MTA ÖK ÖBI, Vácrátót. pp. 91. ISBN 978-615-80093-1-7

Molnár Krisztina, Molnár Zsolt (szerk.) (2015) : Etnoökológiai kutatótábor Kalotaszegen. Sztánai Füzetek 19. Művelődés Egyesület - Szentimrei Alapítvány, Kolozsvár – Sztána, pp. 227. ISBN 978973-7993823

Guideline to data collection of traditional ecological knowledge:

Babai D., Molnár Zs., Molnár K., Demeter L. és Biró M. (2016): Módszertani segédanyag az ökológiai emlékezet kutatásához: az interjúzástól a közös tudásalkotásig.

Selected publications:

2021

Demeter, L., Molnár, Á.P., Öllerer, K., Csóka, Gy., Kiš, A., Vadász, Cs., Horváth, F., Molnár, Zs. (2021): Rethinking the natural regeneration failure of pedunculate oak: The pathogen mildew hypothesis Biological Conservation 253:108928

2020

Molnár Zs., Kelemen A., Kun R., Máté J., Sáfián, L., Biró, M. Máté A., Vadász Cs. (2020): Knowledge co‐production with traditional herders on cattle grazing behaviour for better management of species‐rich grasslands Journal of Applied Ecology, 57: 1677-1687
Ulicsni Viktor, Babai Dániel, Juhász Erika, Molnár Zsolt, Biró Marianna (2020): Local knowledge about a newly reintroduced, rapidly spreading species (Eurasian beaver) and perception of its impact on ecosystem services PLoS ONE 15(5): e0233506.

2019

Biró, M., Molnár, Zs., Babai, D., Dénes, A., Fehér, A., Barta, S., Sáfián, L., Szabados, K., Kiš, A., Demeter, L., Öllerer, K. (2019): Reviewing historical traditional knowledge for innovative conservation management: A re-evaluation of wetland grazing. Science of The Total Environment. 666: 1114–1125.
Öllerer K., Varga A., Kirby K., Demeter L., Biró M., Bölöni J., Molnár Z (2019): Beyond the obvious impact of domestic livestock grazing on temperate forest vegetation – A global review Biological Conservation 237: 209–219
Projects: 
2019 - 2022 Traditional land use practices and biodiversity – Forests and wood-pastures from the Carpathian Basin, and global assessment (PPD 2141 MTA Premium Postdoctoral Research Programme - Kinga ÖLLERER, PhD)
2016 - 2020 Sustainable use of ecosystem services - research for mitigating the negative effect of climate change, land use change and biological invasion (GINOP–2.3.2–15–2016–00019 - András BÁLDI, DSc, member of the Academia Europaea)
2015 - 2016 State of natural vegetation in areas (MEH:2015)
2014 - 2017 AGFORWARD - AGroFORestry that Will Advance Rural Development (EU FP 7 no.613520 - AGFORWARD)
2013 - 2017 OAKSCAPE Oak woods in rural landscape of the Carpathian region: origin, dynamics and conservation values (OAKSCAPE NCN 2013/11/B/NZ9/00793 - Katalin MÁZSA, PhD)
2012 - 2016 Trend-analysis of Natura 2000 habitats of Hungary (SH/4/8, WP2.2. - Zsolt MOLNÁR, DSc)